Skip to main content

Linux : Before Munich, it was Extremadura

I remembered 3 years ago I read a Linux magazine about Munich. The government were going to convert all Windows PCs to Linux. Then I just came across an old news about how one of the poorest region in Spain migrated their all pcs using by civil servants duirng a weekend.

We changed the desktop systems from Windows to Linux during the weekend, when the civil servants came back next Monday morning they found Linux running on their desktop machines.

The public government of the Spanish region of Extremadura has now a long tradition of promoting and using free software. Extremadura is a region located in the South-West of Spain, in the center of a triangle formed by the cities of Madrid, Seville and Lisbon.

More from the news:

Another essential component of the network are the end user terminals. These were made from PCs running a localized version of Linux called Linex (compound word from LINux and EXtremadura) which they tailored to their specific needs and changing the name of the programs to more accessible ones to the people in Extremadura. For example, the Gimp image processing program was renamed to Zurbar�n, a famous Spanish painter. Besides building one of the best known Linux distributions, Linex, they have achieved the amazing goal of having one PC for every two students in their schools. Yes, you read it correctly, one PC per two students.

In total they now have some 80000 desktop PCs running Linux. Of them, 66000 are in schools and education centers and the rest, 14000, are in other public administration buildings. Although not 100% of all Extremadura's public administration departments have been switched to Linux desktops, this numbers certainly indicate that they are in the right path to reaching this goal.

Hmm. I think this proves that Linux can be used in government sector without problem. Certain issues need to be addressed first especially pertaining to proprietary softwares used. This issue mostly can be solved. The expert of migration will take of it. :)

Do you have any story about Linux in government at your place? Do write in.

More related news:
Munich goes Open Source
Full steam ahead for Linux in Munich
Debian wins Munich Linux deal


Popular posts from this blog

mplayer-gui error : Error in skin config file

After installing mplayer-gui package, I can't start it.

$ gmplayer MPlayer 1.1-4.8 (C) 2000-2012 MPlayer Team mplayer: could not connect to socket mplayer: No such file or directory Failed to open LIRC support. You will not be able to use your remote control. Error in skin config file on line 6: PNG read error in /usr/share/mplayer/skins/default/main Config file processing error with skin 'default'
After googling a bit, I found out that it was due to the png files in dir /usr/share/mplayer/skins/default. This is the default skin directory. To fix this error, I have to install ImageMagick package because I want to use the convert program to convert all of the png files to format png24. Thus, cd /usr/share/mplayer/skins/default; for FILE in *.png ; do sudo convert $FILE -define png:format=png24 $FILE ; done
Rerun gmplayer and all should be fine.
Have fun!
UPDATE (02-10-2017)

It doesn't work on Ubuntu 16.04 (xenial) but there's a workaround here.

You can update your syst…

Moving your mysql database to another hard disk

Recently, my server's only hard disk was almost full. I bought a new hard disk with bigger size and I decided to just add it as a second hard disk. Since I need to move it to the 2nd hard disk, I need to find a proper way to move the db with minimum downtime. So I googled around and found a solution.
First, I needed to format the 2nd hard disk and I chose xfs as the filesystem. I created 2 partitions using Linux's fdisk for this task. First partition is 10 GB and 2nd one is around 900 GB. That's approximately added up to 1 TB. Then I mounted the 2nd partition in current partition eg /media/hd2 as follows:
mount -t xfs /dev/sdb5 /media/hd2
where /dev/sdb5 is the partition and /media/hd2 is the mounting dir.
Stop mysql db before doing anything:
service mysql stop
Afterthat, I copied the entire db to newly mounted hard disk:
cp -rv /var/lib/mysql /media/hd2
It will take a while if you have huge databases.
Then, change the ownership of the dir to user and group of mysql:
chown -R mysql:…

postfix - mailbox size limit and message size limit

postfix is my MTA of choice. I use it for my mailserver because its simplicity , security and sendmail-compatible (the widely used smtp in the world but not as secure). It is also extensible by plugging other servers for various purposes (antispam, antivirus,database etc).

I had one problem with file attachment larger than 10MB. Users couldn't send it although I have setup squirrelmail (SM) to be able to attach files summed up more than 20MB and I had modified php settings as per here. The problem was not in SM setting. It was postfix. By default, attachment size that can be sent by postfix is 10MB ~ 10240000 byte. How did I know it? I looked in log file (for my system it is in /var/log/mail/errors. For other system, the file to look is /var/log/maillog). The line looked like this:

Feb 26 16:30:53 webmail postfix/sendmail[30775]: fatal: Message file too big

Open /etc/postfix/ with a text editor of choice and find message_size_limit directive an…